The Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA) says sea level rise in Annapolis is putting the service academy’s buildings, historic infrastructure, and entire military mission at risk.
USNA Superintendent Vice Admiral Sean S. Buck gave a statement before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Defense last week, highlighting how vulnerable the Naval Academy is to storm surge and localized high-tide flooding. Vice Admiral Buck says that kind of nuisance flooding has increased from 2–3 times a year, historically, to 30–40 times a year today.
He says the rise in relative sea level—slightly more than one foot since 1929—has left the campus more vulnerable to major storms, like the $120 million in damage caused by Hurricane Isabel in 2003. Both storm surges and frequent high-tide flooding affect daily operations at USNA, through road closures and impassable sidewalks and building entry points.
The sea level rise at Annapolis is part of the long term rise of sea level, and settling of the mid-Atlantic region, no particular relationships to carbon dioxide, and no sign of acceleration. It's the price of working near the water.
With relative sea level rise expected to continue in the Annapolis area well into the future, USNA’s Sea Level Rise Advisory Council predicts that an average high tide (Mean High Water) would flood low-lying roads daily at the Naval Academy by 2050.
And that’s before factoring in the impact of periodic storms: the superintendent says, for example, that a “one year storm,” the kind we can expect to see annually, would bring water 4.2 feet above seal level in the year 2050. That’s enough to flood the parking lots in the center of campus. And by the year 2100, the same “one year storm” would put water 6.8 feet above sea level, producing flooding similar to Hurricane Isabel.
Hurricane Isabel produced some amazing flood tides here, and even worse in Annapolis and Baltimore, as the winds forced water higher further up the Bay
The Naval Academy has implemented stormwater surge strategies with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers since Isabel, but USNA is also in the midst of developing a major, long-term Military Installation Resilience Plan with the city of Annapolis due to be complete by the end of 2021. It will give a course of action and year-by-year strategy to address sea level rise, ground settling, coastal flooding and storm surge, and stormwater management, says Vice Admiral Buck.
He says it will probably take a mix of approaches: seawalls, living shorelines, levees, changing land use, and temporary solutions. The superintendent calls the plan a “significant step forward” to enable the Academy to effectively execute its mission in the future.
You could even imagine, heaven forbid, adding soil, and raising the structures and roads. Baltimore Harbor keeps producing excess sediments which could be consolidated, dewatered, and turned into fill. Yep, it's going to cost money, but not that much compared to expensive ships.