From the time scientists first discovered the deadly virus in 1976 to 2012, two dozen outbreaks of Ebola claimed the lives of roughly 1,500 people–far less than the nearly 5,000 killed in the current outbreak in West Africa.
Bloomberg News reports that little money had been available to scientists to work on finding a cure to the disease. But after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Cheney, anticipating the potential for bioterrorist attacks, became the Bush White House’s point man advocating more spending to protect the nation from deadly pathogens.
Of the drugs now in testing phases, including some to help Americans diagnosed with Ebola, seven were developed because of the additional resources made available after 9/11.
In 2004, Congress passed Project Bioshield, legislation that allocated $5.6 billion for purchasing, developing and storing drugs that could be used in the event of a bioterrorist attack. When President George W. Bush signed the bill into law, he commended Cheney for his role in its passage.
“I want to thank the vice president for his hard work,” Bush said during remarks in the Rose Garden. “He was the point man in the White House on this piece of legislation and did excellent work.”
In addition to Project Bioshield, the government boosted funding for basic research that runs high risks of failure. From 2000 to 2013, Ebola funding at NIH increased from $840,000 to $42.5 million.
To think that one of America's most reviled politicians may turn out to be West Africa's savior.
One potential Ebola vaccine that grew out of the jump in funding was developed by Johnson & Johnson and is about to be tested on humans. In May, the company says, it will have 250,000 doses ready and another 1 million prepared next year.
Two vaccines being tested by NewLink Genetics Inc. and Profectus Biosciences were developed largely because of funding from the Department of Defense and NIH.
“[The government] did the best we could,” Cheney told Bloomberg. “It was all viewed as part of the cost of responding to 9/11 and the ongoing terrorism threat.”