Canadian scientists set two groups of participants tasks that involved sorting words into pairs, and scanned their brains as they completed them. The tasks included pairing words according to category or initial letter and picking out words that rhymed.Nanny, nanny, nanny goat, can't catch me!
Initially, they were not told what sort of pair to look for. Instead, the game helped them work it out by telling them if they had made the right choice or not. Over time, the categories were changed.
Neuro-imaging scans revealed striking differences between the brains of the older and younger participants when they made a mistake. In the younger ones, the error instantly activated several different parts of the brain to help them decide what to do next. The older people, however, held their fire until the game restarted. Only then did they start thinking about what they were going to do.
Study author Dr Oury Monchi, of the Institute of Geriatrics at the University of Montreal, said: ‘When the young participants made a mistake and had to plan and execute a new strategy to get the right answer, various parts of their brains were recruited even before the next task began.
‘However, when the older participants learned that they had made a mistake, these regions were only recruited at the beginning of the next trial, indicating that with age, we decide to make adjustments only when absolutely necessary.’
He added: ‘The older brain has experience and knows that nothing is gained by jumping the gun. 'We now have neurobiological evidence showing that with age comes wisdom and that as the brain gets older, it learns to better allocate its resources.’
Saturday, October 22, 2011
Older Brains Work Slower, Smarter
Brains of over-55s work more efficiently as experience of age beats speed of youth